Remember reading Dr. Seuss as a child? The oversized pages, rich with color and stylized text. The sturdy cover bent at the corners from being dragged around and propped open dozens of times. Fingerprints pressed into the glossy paper.
Children’s books contain magic other books cannot replicate. Strong, easy to relate to characters coupled with artwork draws children and parents alike into the story.
Now your kids have started to capture that magic themselves with Illustory and My Comic Book kits, but what if you want to create something unique and amazing for your kids? Or any child out there?
How do you capture that magic to write your own children’s book?
I’m glad you asked.
As you watch your kids fill up the pages in their kit, you might notice how the guide leads them toward some story telling basics. Like developing characters, finding the thread of your plot and chasing it, or building in conflict to make the story interesting.
All of these elements will come into play when you create your own children’s book. Keep reading to learn the basics for creating a children’s book!
Unlocking the story
A children’s story is still just a story. The basic format you’re operating within isn’t changing. Just some of the rules and expectations.
With that in mind, it is imperative that you hold to storytelling norms. A children’s book still needs a beginning, middle, and end. Showing is still more important than telling. Picking a theme and holding to it is still a necessity.
The basic design of your story won’t be changing. So, start out like any storyteller with some outlining and basic character design. Treat this children’s book just like a novel or screenplay or any other written work.
Ralphy Raccoon by Ted Hsu
Ralphy starts down the path of an entrepreneur, beginning his own business. Over the years he faces many failures and setbacks, from bad and unscrupulous employees to trouble with the government of the Raccoon Republic. With each experience, he learns an important lesson about life.
What is unique when it comes to children’s books?
Weak characters will ruin any story, but for a children’s book, in particular, you need characters who elicit a strong and immediate emotional reaction. If your audience doesn’t connect with the character immediately, they won’t stay interested in the story.
While all the elements of your book deserve attention, pay special time considering how you’ll represent your characters. The characters are who your readers (kids) will associate with most. You can use this to consciously make that connection much more clearly than a novelist can.
And because your story won’t have the length or depth of a novel, the connection must be made quickly.
- Education (Goals)
Again, every book should have a clear goal. For a novel, it’s the culmination of the plot. For a memoir, it’s the revelation of life.
For a children’s book, that goal is almost always an education in some fashion. Even if your children’s book is focused more on entertaining than educating, layering in education elements will help kids engage with the content. And it adds value, something important when it comes to marketing your children’s book.
Most children’s books will lean heavily on illustrations to drive the story, with text accompanying as a supplement. Remember too that there almost always wants to be some elements that educate, and the text is a great way to add this content.
Think about how the book will be read—is your children’s book aimed at kids who will read themselves? Or are you aiming at a younger audience who will be read to by parents or teachers? Either way, you need to make the illustrations informative and clear, coupled with easy to follow text.
Building the Book
This is thankfully a bit easier to tackle. You’ll be looking at a couple of different sizes, all using essentially the same design.
Children’s books normally use the 8.5 x 11 or A4 format for a large portrait book or they use a square format, normally 8.5 x 8.5. You’ll definitely be using full-color interior printing.
The last crucial piece of the actual build is the font. I don’t want to say anything definitive because a children’s book is much more open than a novel or textbook in terms of acceptable fonts. I would lean toward clean, sans-serif fonts that are easy to read and look good at larger point sizes. Helvetica and Gill Sans are two commonly used fonts for the interior type.
Mommy, where do our Pediatricians come from? By C.W. Gowen Jr.
This book is written in celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Pediatric Residency Program at Children’s Hospital of The King’s Daughters in Norfolk, VA.
Putting it Together
Are you writing and illustrating? Just writing? An illustrator with an idea that needs fleshing out?
From the very start of your children’s book project, you need a solid idea of how the pieces will come together. If you plan to write and illustrate, you’ve got a leg up on controlling the design work, but you’ll still need to carefully plan your book.
More than a typical book, design, and planning are crucial to creating a children’s book. In many ways, creating a children’s book is an exercise in effective content marketing. Because content marketers know that effectively getting and keeping someone’s attention involves thorough planning and intentional execution. You won’t have space within the work to elaborate or explore ideas. Concision and clarity are of the utmost importance.
Here’s a quick rundown of some important pieces of the children’s book design:
- Written Story – write out the story along the same lines of a short story. Detail the scenes, the surrounding, the characters. Take care to pay special attention to the dialog and plot direction.
- Story Board – once you have the basic elements laid out, storyboard to plan the pages. Start sketching page art (even if you won’t be illustrating this is a good idea). You need to get a very clear vision of the way the story will look at this stage.
- Illustration – the art in your children’s book is vital. The pictures will catch kid’s attention and move them through the story. As such, you can’t skimp on the illustrations. If you’re doing them yourself get as much education about children’s book illustrations as you can find. If you’re hiring out, vet the artists and be sure to see plenty of samples before making a decision.
Solving the Puzzle
Creating any book is a grueling process. Children’s books are grueling while essentially being a puzzle. You need to craft all the content just like any book, but you have to solve the problem of ‘how do I assemble this for a reader very different than me?’
Researching—so basically, reading—other children’s books, especially popular ones, provide invaluable insight into what works for children’s books. Think about how the book hits those three key elements as you read through it:
How does the author make the characters emotionally charged and compelling? What message is the book teaching? How is the design working to serve both the character and the message?
Amid those requirements, you have to find a way to make it amusing. That might end up being the trickiest part of all. Ever heard of a somber children’s book? Not likely. You can deal with complex issues, but the tone has to remain light. Otherwise, you risk losing your audience.
Does Broccoli Grow on Trees? By Peter Farrell & Katie Bokelman
The book describes the Community Garden created by our pediatric residents at Children’s Hospital of The King’s Daughters(CHKD) and Eastern Virginia Medical School (EVMS). Residents work with children from all socioeconomic backgrounds.
Self-publishing your Children’s book
All of the above advice is well and good. Lots of work sure. But not impossible.
Now you have to get it published.
Self-publishing is a great option because you can control all aspects of the project and use print-on-demand to keep overhead low. The other side of this is the cost to actually prepare the book. Hiring an Illustrator can be very expensive.
Don’t let that stop you though. There are some great resources out there. The Society of Children’s Book Writers and Illustrators is a great place to learn more about creating children’s books and even offers an Illustrator’s Gallery to help find an illustrator for your book.
Like all self-motivated endeavors, there will be a lot of work involved, but if you are willing to put in the work, the reward can be tremendous!
Selling your Children’s book
Much like a self-published novel, selling your children’s book is going to be most successful if you can do it directly through a network of interested readers.
Now that gets challenging since this means you either need to establish connections with schools or kid’s groups, or you need a captive local audience (such as a bookstore connection) you can leverage. Both situations likely mean a lot of leg-work on your end.
Children’s book authors do have an edge over the novelist when selling by hand though. You can schedule a reading (again, you’ll need to establish connections to leverage first) at the local bookstore or library and literally read your book while showing the pictures. If it’s good, you’ve suddenly got a group of children excited about your book, which will translate into a group of parents excited about your book.
Driving traffic to a website to order can be more difficult, but not impossible. The cornerstone of your children’s book marketing efforts will always be your connections—those you have established and those you build through in-person readings.
The happily ever after…
If you’re dedicated to your story and ready to shoulder the work involved in crafting a children’s book, self-publishing is a great way to get the book into print. Get your ideas in motion, start storyboarding those pages, and share your story with some eager young minds with a lot to learn and a craving for stories!
Paul is the Technical Writer at Lulu, responsible for all the words you see on our site (misspellings included). He also manages the community site – http://connect.lulu.com/en/ – and in his free time, he’s an avid reader and short story writer.